Adjective

Form

Adjectives have only one form. They agree neither in gender (since Persian doesn't distinguish gender) nor in number with the noun they modify.

Position

Adjectives come after the noun and are related to it with the genitive preposition (e):

Pesar-e khubgood boy
Dokhtarhâ-ye khubgood girls
Khâne-ye bozorgbig house
Se dust-e khubthree good friends

Adverbs that modify an adjective, come before it:

Khâne-ye bozorgbig house
khâne-ye besyâr bozorgvery big house

The indefinite article normally comes at the end of a noun pharse (noun + adjetive):

Ruz-e khub-ia good day
Mard-e khub-i astHe's a nice man

But in written Persian, the indefinite article can come right after the noun taking the place of genitive preposition (e). This structure is mainly used when the adjective of a noun phrase ends in «-i»:

mard-e Irâni-i = mard-i Irânian Iranian man

Order of adjectives

The group «noun + adjective» can be in turn determined by another adjective:

dar-e sefid-e bozorgbig white door

In English, when several adjectives come before a noun, they are usually put in a more or less fixed order. For instance, we say «a fat old lady», NOT «an old fat lady», «a small round black leather handbag», NOT «a leather black round small handbag». Persian doesn't have such a limitation and adjectives can come in any order. Adjectives that come at the end, have more emphasis on:

khânom-e châgh-e pirfat old lady
khânom-e pir-e châghold fat lady