Imperative mood

Imperative mood is made from the subjunctive mood with the difference that the ending for 2nd person singular is omitted. In Persian, all six persons have an imperative form. English is not so. The main imperative tenses are as follows:

Present simple

STRUCTURE It is made from subjunctive present simple

neveshtan {nevis} — to write
benevisam-benevisimlet's write!
benevis write!benevisidwrite!
kâr kardan {kon} — to work
kâr bekonam-kâr bekonimlet's work!
kâr bekon work!kâr bekonidwork!
kâr bekonad-kâr bekonand-

NOTE Regarding compound verbs, the subjunctive prefix be- is often omitted especially when the verb is kardan or shodan.

NOTE If the present stem ends in -av then it changes to -ow for 2S (because it doesn't take ending). The reason is that final -av becomes -aw (pronounced similar to ou in house) and the diphthong sound aw has become ow in Persian of Iran.

raftan {rav} — to go
beravam-beravimlet's go!

NOTE In spoken Persian, be- is sometimes pronouncded bo- as kind of vowel harmony:

NOTE The imperative present of the verb budan (to be) is made with the stem bâsh. Additionally, it doesn't take the subjunctive prefix be:

bâsham-bâshimlet's be!

Negative form

As mentioned on the page about negative conjugation, the negative form of present subjunctive (and consequently, present imperative), is made by replacing be- with na-:

nanevisam-nanevisimlet's not write!
nanevis don't write!nanevisiddon't write!
kâr kardan
kâr nakonam-kâr nakonimlet's not work!
kâr nakon don't work!kâr nakoniddon't work!
kâr nakonad-kâr nakonand-


Past narrative

STRUCTURE It is made from subjunctive past narrative

rafte bâsham-rafte bâshim-
rafte bâsh -rafte bâshid-
rafte bâshad-rafte bâshand-
kâr karde bâsham-kâr karde bâshim-
kâr karde bâsh -kâr karde bâshad-
kâr karde bâshad-kâr karde bâshand-