To know in Persian

In Persian, like Spanish, French, . . . we have different verbs for «to know something» and «to know somebody».

VerbMeaningPresent Stem
dânestan (دانستن)to know somethingdân (دان)
shenâkhtan (شناختن)to know somebodyshenâs (شناس)

Examples:

We've known each other for yearsSâlhâ'st ke hamdigar râ mishenâsimسالهاست که همدیگر را می‌شناسیم
Do you know where the station is?Midânid istgâh kojâ'st?می‌دانید ایستگاه کجاست؟

Now some words derived from the stems of these verbs:

Derivations of dânestan

dâneshدانشscience
dâneshmandدانشمندscientist
dâneshâmuzدانش‌آموزstudent (till the end of high school, literally: science-learner)
dâneshjuدانش‌جوstudent (in university, literally: science-seeker)
dâneshgâhدانشگاهuniversity (literally: science-place)
dâneshkadeدانشکدهfaculty (literally: science-home)
dânâداناwise
dânâyiداناییwisdom
fizikdânفیزیک‌دانphysicist (literally: one who knows physics)
riyâzidânریاضی‌دانmathematician (literally: one who knows mathematics)

Derivations of shenâkhtan

shenâkhtشناختcognition, understanding
shenâkhteشناختهknown
nâshenâkhteناشناختهunknown
shenâsâyiشناساییidentification, recognition
âshenâآشناfamiliar, acquainted; acquaintance
âshenâyiآشناییfamiliarity, acquaintance
nâshenâsناشناسunfamiliar; incognito
shenâseشناسهidentifier
zabânshenâsزبان‌شناسlinguist
zabânshenâsiزبان‌شناسیlinguistics
jânevarshenâsجانورشناسzoologist