Persian Grammar
Learn About Persian Language

Persian has the following syllable patterns:

C = Consonant, V = Vowel
CVCVCCVCC
naنهkarکرkardکرد
toتوpolپلgoftگفت
keکهdelدلzeshtزشت
ماkârکارkârdکارد
khuخوmurمورkhoshkخشک
siسیsirسیرrikhtریخت
uاوazازfarshفرش
inاینârdآرد
âbآبabrابر

They can be summarized as CV(C)(C). According to these patterns:

Syllabification

The basic rule for breaking a word into its syllables is: "each vowel indicates a syllable". Therefore, two adjacent vowel sounds belong to separate syllables and are pronounced individually.

WordPronunciationSyllables
برنامهbarnâmebar-nâ-me
شمعدانshamødânshamø-dân
مفعولmaføulmaf-øul
جامعهjâmeejâ-me-e
سؤالsoâlso-âl
نوروزNowruzNow-ruz
فرهنگfarhangfar-hang