Persian Morphology
Word Formation and Derivation

Persian prefix na- (ن) and nâ- (نا) are variants of the same prefix. na- attaches to infinitives, stems, etc. and derives words that mean the opposite. Its role is similar to English not as well as prefixes non-, un-, dis- and in- (and its variations: im-, ir-).

DerivationMeaning
نپختهnapokhteuncooked
نبودnabudlack; absence
نچسبnachasbnon-stick
نگفتنnagoftannot to say
باور نکردنbâvar nakardannot to believe

Deriving nouns and adjectives

It is possible to derive nouns and adjectives from the words made with na- using the suffix -i.

DerivationMeaning
باور نکردنیbâvarnakardaniunbelievable
نگفتنیnagoftaniunsayable