Persian Morphology
Word Formation and Derivation

Persian suffix یدن (idan) is used to derive verbs from nouns and adjectives.

Word Meaning Derivation Meaning
بوس
bus
kiss بوسیدن
busidan
to kiss
ترس
tars
fear ترسیدن
tarsidan
to fear
جنگ
jang
war جنگیدن
jangidan
to fight
جوش
jush
boiling جوشیدن
jushidan
to boil
خشک
khoshk
dry خشکیدن
khoshkidan
to dry up, wither
رقص
raghs
dance رقصیدن
raghsidan
to dance
فهم
fahm
understanding فهمیدن
fahmidan
to understand

This suffix is not productive. It it is not used much in forming new verbs. Persian prefers compound verbs and uses verbs like کردن (kardan) and شدن (shodan) to make new verbs. Even some of the verbs in the above table have a prevailing compound alternative:

Word Meaning Derivation Meaning
بوس
bus
kiss بوس کردن
bus kardan
to kiss
جنگ
jang
war جنگ کردن
jang kardan
to fight
خشک
khoshk
dry خشک کردن
khosh kardan
to (make) dry
خشک
khoshk
dry خشک شدن
khoshk shodan
to become dry, wither