Ablative Case in Persian

The preposition از (az) marks the ablative case in Persian. The ablative case is a grammatical case that typically marks the “source” or “origin” of a verb. For example: “to fall from a tree”, “To come from a city”, “to jump out of a plane”. The ablative case is also used for comparison: “to be younger than somebody”. Marking the material out of which something is made (e.g. “a wall made from stones”), is among the other uses of the ablative case.

The ablative is the case of source and origin. Therefore, it can be used to indicate the cause of an action.

Ablative of Pronouns

The ablative preposition can combine with bound personal pronouns and free personal pronouns. Bound pronouns are not normally used in written Persian and are typical of spoken Persian. The following table demonstrates bound ablative pronouns as they are written and pronounced in informal speech.

Singular Plural
1st Person ازم
2nd Person ازت
3rd Person ازش

The following table demonstratives free ablative pronouns.

Singular Plural
1st Person از من
az man
از ما
az mâ
2nd Person از تو
az to
از شما
az shomâ
3rd Person از او
az u
از آن
az ân
از آنها
az ânhâ

The free forms are strong and denote more emphasis.

Ablative of Prepositions

The ablative case governs certain prepositions including the following prepositions.