A pronoun substitute a noun and a noun can be singular or plural. Therefore, as opposed to demonstrative adjectives, demonstrative pronouns agree in number with the noun they substitute. Persian has the following sets of demonstrative pronouns:

Simple Demonstrative Pronouns

Singular Plural
Proximal این
in
this
اینها
inhâ
these
Distal آن
ân
that
آنها
ânhâ
those

Given that Persian has special plural forms for animate nouns, there are two more demonstrative pronouns in the plural:

Proximal Distal
اینان
inân
these
آنان
ânân
those

Examples

این خوب است
In khub ast
This is good
آنها خوبند
Ânhâ khub and
Those are good
این چند است؟
In chand ast?
How much is this?
این را چطور تلفظ می‌کنید؟
In râ chetowr talaffoz mikonid?
How do you pronounce this?
این چه ایستگاهی‌ست؟
In che istgâh-i'st?
What station is this?
به این گوش کن!
Be in gush kon!
Listen to this!
به آنها گوش کن!
Be ânhâ gush kon!
Listen to those!
به آنان توجه نکن!
Be ânân tavajjoh nakon!
Don't pay attention to those! (people)

Demonstrative Pronouns of Exactitude

Demonstrative pronouns of exactitude are formed by prefixing هم (“ham”, same) to simple demonstrative pronouns. They denote “exactly” and function like English “the same” and “the very same”.

Singular Plural
Proximal همین
hamin
this/the same
همینها
haminhâ
these/the same
Distal همان
hamân
that/the same
همانها
hamânhâ
those/the same

There are also animate plural forms:

Proximal Distal
همینان
haminân
these/the same
همانان
hamânân
those/the same

Examples:

همین را می‌خواهم
Hamin râ mikhwâham
I want this one

Demonstrative Pronouns of Similitude

Demonstrative pronouns of similitude are formed by prefixing چون (“chon”, like) to simple demonstratives. These pronouns are not normally used with plural suffix.

Proximal Distal
چونین
chonin
like this, like these
چونان
chonân
like that, like those

This line from Persian poet حافظ (Hâfez) serves as a good example for demonstrative pronouns of similitude:

رسید مژده که ایام غم نخواهد ماند
rasid mozhde ke ayyâm-e gham nakhwâhad mând
There arrived good news that sad days will not last
چونان نماند، چونین نیز هم نخواهد ماند
chonân namând, chonin niz ham nakhwâhad mând
It did not last like that, [and] it will not last like this either

Summary of Demonstrative Pronouns

The following table summarizes all demonstrative pronouns of Persian language.

Singular Plural Animate Plural
Proximal این
in
اینها
inhâ
اینان
inân
همین
hamin
همینها
haminhâ
همینان
haminân
چونین
chonin
Distal آن
ân
آنها
ânhâ
آنان
ânân
همان
hamân
همانها
hamânhâ
همانان
hamânân
چونان
chonân

Personal Pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns can be used as personal pronouns. For example, the common word for “they” is آنها (ânhâ). Additionally, آن (ân) is used as an alternative personal pronoun for third person singular (he, she, it). When they are used as personal pronouns, they can indicate being proximal or distal as well as being animate or inanimate. For example, the pronoun اینها means “they” and indicates proximity. The pronoun اینان means “they” and indicates both being close and animate at the same time.