The perfective future indicative tense describes a single occurrence in the future, which is based on the known state of affairs (→ indicative mood). This Persian tense is called “future simple” in other grammar references. However, it has perfective aspect and contrasts with the imperfective future tense. Classically, Persian distinguishes between past and non-past tenses. The present and future are expressed with the same tenses leaving it to context to indicate the exact time. Consequently, perfective future can be expressed with perfective present. Nevertheless, there has developed a modal structure in written Persian that can be used to exclusively express future. This structure is not used in spoken Persian and it is not common in Classical Persian.


The perfective future indicative is formed according to the following pattern:

Auxiliary خواستن in
perfective present
Apocopated infinitive

The apocopated form of an infinitive is obtained by removing “-an” from the end. The following table shows the conjugation of خواستن (“xwâstan”; to want, to will) in perfective present.

1S خواهم
1P خواهیم
2S خواهی
2P خواهید
3S خواهد
3P خواهند


Simple verbs

1S خواهم رفت
xwâham raft
I will go
2S خواهی رفت
xwâhi raft
You will go
3S خواهد رفت
xwâhad raft
He/She/It will go
1P خواهیم رفت
xwâhim raft
We will go
2P خواهید رفت
xwâhid raft
You will go
3P خواهند رفت
xwâhand raft
They will go

Compound verbs

1S کار خواهم کرد
kâr xwâham kard
I will work
2S کار خواهی کرد
kâr xwâhi kard
You will work
3S کار خواهد کرد
kâr xwâhad kard
He/She/It will work
1P کار خواهیم کرد
kâr xwâhim kard
We will work
2P کار خواهید کرد
kâr xwâhid kard
You will work
3P کار خواهند کرد
kâr xwâhand kard
They will work


فردا باران خواهد آمد
Fardâ bârân xwâhad âmad
It will rain tomorrow
امشب به تو زنگ خواهد زد
Emšab be to zang xwâhad zad
He will call you tonight
یک ماه در ایران خواهیم ماند
Yek mâh dar Irân xwâhim mând
We will stay in Iran for a month

Negative conjugation

The negative form of perfective future indicative is constructed by prefixing ن (“na”) to the auxiliary verb.

1S نخواهم رفت
naxwâham raft
2S نخواهی رفت
naxwâhi raft
3S نخواهد رفت
naxwâhad raft
1P نخواهیم رفت
naxwâhim raft
2P نخواهید رفت
naxwâhid raft
3P نخواهند رفت
naxwâhand raft
1S کار نخواهم کرد
kâr naxwâham kard
2S کار نخواهی کرد
kâr naxwâhi kard
3S کار نخواهد کرد
kâr naxwâhad kard
1P کار نخواهیم کرد
kâr naxwâhim kard
2P کار نخواهید کرد
kâr naxwâhid kard
3P کار نخواهند کرد
kâr naxwâhand kard