The present progressive indicative tense describes an ongoing occurrence (→ progressive aspect) in present or future, which is based on the known state of affairs (→ indicative mood). This tense is mainly used in spoken Persian of Iran. In written Persian, the imperfective present tense or progressive structures are used instead. Classically, Persian tenses are divided into past and non-past (i.e. present or future). Present tenses can equally express future occurrences. The context indicates the exact time. Regarding present progressive, it can also function as future progressive. Therefore, a verbal form like دارم می‌روم (dâram miravam) can mean “I am going” and “I will be going”.


The present progressive indicative tense is formed according to the following pattern:

Auxiliary داشتن in
perfective present
Main verb in
imperfective present

The above pattern can be expanded to:

The following table shows the conjugation of داشتن (“dâštan”; to have) in perfective present.

1S دارم
1P داریم
2S داری
2P دارید
3S دارد
3P دارند


Simple verbs

1S دارم می‌روم
dâram miravam
I am going
2S داری می‌روی
dâri miravi
You are going
3S دارد می‌رود
dârad miravad
He/She/It is going
1P داریم می‌رویم
dârim miravim
We are going
2P دارید می‌روید
dârid miravid
You are going
3P دارند می‌روند
dârand miravand
They are going

Compound verbs

1S دارم کار می‌کنم
dâram kâr mikonam
I am working
2S داری کار می‌کنی
dâri kâr mikoni
You are working
3S دارد کار می‌کند
dârad kâr mikonad
He/She/It is worksing
1P داریم کار می‌کنیم
dârim kâr mikonim
We are working
2P دارید کار می‌کنید
dârid kâr mikonid
You are working
3P دارند کار می‌کنند
dârand kâr mikonand
They are working


داری چه کار می‌کنی؟
Dâri če kâr mikoni?
What are you doing?
دارم کتاب می‌خوانم
Dâram ketâb mixwânam
I’m reading a book
دارد باران می‌آید
Dârad bârân miâyad
It is raining
دارم برای امتحانها آماده می‌شوم
Dâram barâ-ye emtehânhâ âmâde mišavam
I am preparing for the exams
فردا این موقع، دارم امتحان می‌دهم
Fardâ in mowǧeø, dâram emtehân midaham
This time tomorrow, I will be taking an exam

Negative conjugation

Progressive tenses are only used when an occurence exists. As a result, they do not have a negative form. When we want to say that an occurence is not in progress, the equivalent imperfective tense i.e. imperfective present is used.

(present progressive)
(imperfective present)
دارد باران می‌آید
Dârad bârân miâyad
It is raining
باران نمی‌آید
Bârân nemiâyad
It is not raining