The present perfect indicative tense describes a completed action in the past that has relevance to present or future (→ perfect aspect) and is based on the known state of affairs (→ indicative mood).


The present perfect indicative is formed according to the following pattern:


Simple verbs

1S رفته‌ام
I have gone
2S رفته‌ای
You have gone
3S رفته
He/She/It has gone
1P رفته‌ایم
We have gone
2P رفته‌اید
You have gone
3P رفته‌اند
They have gone

Compound verbs

1S کار کرده‌ام
kâr kardeam
I have worked
2S کار کرده‌ای
kâr kardei
You have worked
3S کار کرده
kâr karde
He/She/It has worked
1P کار کرده‌ایم
kâr kardeim
We have worked
2P کار کرده‌اید
kâr kardeid
You have worked
3P کار کرده‌اند
kâr kardeand
They have worked

Negative conjugation

The negative form of the present perfect tense is constructed by adding ن (“na-”) before the past participle.

1S نرفته‌ام
I have not gone
2S نرفته‌ای
You have not gone
3S نرفته
He/She/It has not gone
1P نرفته‌ایم
We have not gone
2P نرفته‌اید
You have not gone
3P نرفته‌اند
They have not gone
1S کار نکرده‌ام
kâr nakardeam
I have not worked
2S کار نکرده‌ای
kâr nakardei
You have not worked
3S کار نکرده
kâr nakarde
He/She/It has not worked
1P کار نکرده‌ایم
kâr nakardeim
We have not worked
2P کار نکرده‌اید
kâr nakardeid
You have not worked
3P کار نکرده‌اند
kâr nakardeand
They have not worked


مهمانهایمان رسیده‌اند
Mehmânhâ-yemân resideand
Our guests have arrived
هنوز تصمیم نگرفته‌اند
Hanuz tasmim nagerefteand
They haven’t decided yet
آن فیلم را چند بار دیده‌ام
Ân film râ čand bâr dideam
I have seen that movie several times
دو سال اینجا کار کرده
Do sâl injâ kâr karde
He has worked here for two years
ده روز است که او را ندیده‌ام
Dah ruz ast ke u râ nadideam
I have not seen him for ten days
این بهترین کتابی است که تا کنون خوانده‌ام
In behtarin ketâb-i ast ke tâ konun xwândeam
This is the best book that I have ever read