The present perfect progressive indicative tense describes an ongoing occurrence (→ progressive aspect) in the past that has relevance to present time (→ perfect aspect) and is based on the known state of affairs (→ indicative mood). It combines the meanings expressed by past progressive and present perfect. The present perfect progressive tense is mainly used in spoken Persian of Iran. In written Persian, the imperfective present perfect tense or progressive structures are used instead.


The present perfect progressive tense is formed according to the following pattern:

auxiliary verb داشتن in
present perfect
main verb in
imperfective present perfect

The above pattern can be expanded to:


Simple verbs

1S داشته‌ام می‌رفته‌ام
dâšteam mirafteam
I have been going
2S داشته‌ای می‌رفته‌ای
dâštei miraftei
You have been going
3S داشته می‌رفته
dâšte mirafte
He/She/It has been going
1P داشته‌ایم می‌رفته‌ایم
dâšteim mirafteim
We have been going
2P داشته‌اید می‌رفته‌اید
dâšteid mirafteid
You have been going
3P داشته‌اند می‌رفته‌اند
dâšteand mirafteand
They have been going

Compound verbs

1S داشته‌ام کار می‌کرده‌ام
dâšteam kâr mikardeam
I have been working
2S داشته‌ای کار می‌کرده‌ای
dâštei kâr mikardei
You have been working
3S داشته کار می‌کرده
dâšte kâr mikarde
He/She/It has been working
1P داشته‌ایم کار می‌کرده‌ایم
dâšteim kâr mikardeim
We have been working
2P داشته‌اید کار می‌کرده‌اید
dâšteid kâr mikardeid
You have been working
3P داشته‌اند کار می‌کرده‌اند
dâšteand kâr mikardeand
They have been working

Negative conjugation

The progressive aspect is only used when an action is ongoing during a specified time. Therefore, it does not have negative form. Instead, the equivalent imperfective tense is used. Regarding the present perfect progressive tense, its imperfective counterpart is imperfective present perfect.

(present perfect progressive)
(imperfective present perfect)
داشته‌ام می‌رفته‌ام
dâšteam mirafteam
I have been going
I have not been going
داشته‌ام کار می‌کرده‌ام
dâšteam kâr mikardeam
I have been working
کار نمی‌کرده‌ام
kâr nemikardeam
I have not been working


نمی‌دانم چه کار داشته می‌کرده
Nemidânam če kâr dâšte mikarde
I don’t know what she has been doing
تمام روز داشته کتاب می‌خوانده
Tamâm-e ruz dâšte ketâb mixwânde
She has been reading that book all day
داشته‌اند در کتابخانه درس می‌خوانده‌اند
Dâšteand dar ketâbxâne dars mixwândeand
They have been studying at the library