The past precedent progressive indicative tense describes an ongoing occurrence (→ progressive aspect) in the past, which is preceding another past occurrence (→ precedent aspect) and is based on the known state of affairs (→ indicative mood). It combines the meanings expressed by past progressive and past precedent. This tense is similar to English pluperfect progressive (also known as: past perfect progressive).


The past precedent progressive indicative is formed according to the following pattern:

Auxiliary داشتن in
perfective past
Main verb in
imperfective past precedent

The above pattern can be expanded to:

داشتن in
perfective past
past participle بودن in
perfective past

The conjugation of the auxiliary verb داشتن (“dâštan”; to have) in perfective past is as follows:

1S داشتم
1P داشتیم
2S داشتی
2P داشتید
3S داشت
3P داشتند


Simple verbs

1S داشتم می‌رفته بودم
dâštam mirafte budam
I had been going
2S داشتی می‌رفته بودی
dâšti mirafte budi
You had been going
3S داشت می‌رفته بود
dâšt mirafte bud
He/She had been going
1P داشتیم می‌رفته بودیم
dâštim mirafte budim
We had been going
2P داشتید می‌رفته بودید
dâštid mirafte budid
You had been going
3P داشتند می‌رفته بودند
dâštand mirafte budand
They had been going

Compound verbs

1S داشتم کار می‌کرده بودم
dâštam kâr mikarde budam
I had been working
2S داشتی کار می‌کرده بودی
dâšti kâr mikarde budi
You had been working
3S داشت کار می‌کرده بود
dâšt kâr mikarde bud
He/She had been working
1P داشتیم کار می‌کرده بودیم
dâštim kâr mikarde budim
We had been working
2P داشتید کار می‌کرده بودید
dâštid kâr mikarde budid
You had been working
3P داشتند کار می‌کرده بودند
dâštand kâr mikarde budand
They had been working

Negative conjugation

The progressive aspect is only used when an action is ongoing during a specified time. Therefore, it does not have negative form.