The indicative present imperfective tense is used to describe a durative action in present or future. A verbal form like “miravam” can mean “I go”, “I am going”, “I will go” and “I will be going” depending on the context. The future imperfective is deduced from adverbial clauses that denote a future time reference and duration in the future. Since English does not have imperfective aspect, the future imperfective is translated with “future simple” or “future continuous”.


از فردا درس می‌خوانم
Az fardâ dars mixwânam
I will study from tomorrow
I will be studying from tomorrow
از هفته‌ی دیگر، هر روز پیاده به دانشگاه می‌روم
Az hafte-ye digar, har ruz piyâde be dânešgâh miravam
From next week, I will walk to the university every day

Regional Form

In some regional dialects of Persian, there is a dedicated tense for future imperfective. This tense is not used in standard Persian.

خواستن in
present simple
Apocopated infinitive of the main verb

Conjugation of regional form

Simple verbs

1S می‌خواهم رفت
mixwâham raft
2S می‌خواهی رفت
mixwâhi raft
3S می‌خواهد رفت
mixwâhad raft
1P می‌خواهیم رفت
mixwâhim raft
2P می‌خواهید رفت
mixwâhid raft
3P می‌خواهند رفت
mixwâhand raft

Compound verbs

1S کار می‌خواهم کرد
kâr mixwâham kard
2S کار می‌خواهی کرد
kâr mixwâhi kard
3S کار می‌خواهد کرد
kâr mixwâhad kard
1P کار می‌خواهیم کرد
kâr mixwâhim kard
2P کار می‌خواهید کرد
kâr mixwâhid kard
3P کار می‌خواهند کرد
kâr mixwâhand kard