The indicative past narrative is a past tense with an indicative mood and a narrative aspect. It is formed according to the following pattern:

past participle + weak form of auxiliary verb بودن (to be) in present simple

The weak form of بودن (budan: to be) in present simple is:

1S ام
am
1P ایم
im
2S ای
i
2P اید
id
3S است
ast
3P اند
and

Conjugation

Simple verbs

1S رفته‌ام
rafteam
I have gone
2S رفته‌ای
raftei
You have gone
3S رفته‌است
rafteast
He/She has gone
1P رفته‌ایم
rafteim
We have gone
2P رفته‌اید
rafteid
You have gone
3P رفته‌اند
rafteand
They have gone

رفته‌ام literally means “I am gone”, رفته‌ای means “You are gone” and so on.

Compound verbs

1S کار کرده‌ام
kâr kardeam
I have worked
2S کار کرده‌ای
kâr kardei
You have worked
3S کار کرده‌است
kâr kardeast
He/She has worked
1P کار کرده‌ایم
kâr kardeim
We have worked
2P کار کرده‌اید
kâr kardeid
You have worked
3P کار کرده‌اند
kâr kardeand
They have worked

Negative conjugation

The negative form of the past narrative tense is constructed by prefixing ن (na) to the past participle.

1S نرفته‌ام
narafteam
I have not gone
2S نرفته‌ای
naraftei
You have not gone
3S نرفته‌است
narafteast
He/She has not gone
1P نرفته‌ایم
narafteim
We have not gone
2P نرفته‌اید
narafteid
You have not gone
3P نرفته‌اند
narafteand
They have not gone
1S کار نکرده‌ام
kâr nakardeam
I have not worked
2S کار نکرده‌ای
kâr nakardei
You have not worked
3S کار نکرده‌است
kâr nakardeast
He/She has not worked
1P کار نکرده‌ایم
kâr nakardeim
We have not worked
2P کار نکرده‌اید
kâr nakardeid
You have not worked
3P کار نکرده‌اند
kâr nakardeand
They have not worked

Examples

This tense is equivalent to English present perfect.

آن فیلم را چند بار دیده‌ام
Ân film râ chand bâr dideam
I have seen that movie several times
دو سال اینجا کار کرده‌است
Do sâl injâ kâr kardeast
He has worked here for two years
ده روز است که او را ندیده‌ام
Dah ruz ast ke u râ nadideam
I have not seen him for ten days
این بهترین کتابی است که تا کنون خوانده‌ام
In behtarin ketâb-i ast ke tâ konun khwândeam
This is the best book that I have ever read