The indicative past progressive is a past tense with an indicative mood and a progressive aspect. It is formed according to the following pattern:

auxiliary verb داشتن (dâshtan) in
past simple
+ main verb in
past imperfect


Simple verbs

1S داشتم می‌رفتم
dâshtam miraftam
I was going
2S داشتی می‌رفتی
dâshti mirafti
You were going
3S داشت می‌رفت
dâsht miraft
He/She was going
1P داشتیم می‌رفتیم
dâshtim miraftim
We were going
2P داشتید می‌رفتید
dâshtid miraftid
You were going
3P داشتند می‌رفتند
dâshtand miraftand
They were going

Compound verbs

1S داشتم کار می‌کردم
dâshtam kâr mikardam
I was working
2S داشتی کار می‌کردی
dâshti kâr mikardi
You were working
3S داشت کار می‌کرد
dâsht kâr mikard
He/She was working
1P داشتیم کار می‌کردیم
dâshtim kâr mikardim
We were working
2P داشتید کار می‌کردید
dâshtid kâr mikardid
You were working
3P داشتند کار می‌کردند
dâshtand kâr mikardand
They were working

Negative conjugation

In Persian, progressive tenses are only used for describing in-progress actions. Therefore, they are not conjugated in negative form. Instead, their imperfect counterpart is used. Regarding the past progressive tense, its imperfect counterpart is the past imperfect tense.

داشتم می‌رفتم
dâshtam miraftam
I was going
I was not going
داشتم کار می‌کردم
dâshtam kâr mikardam
I was working
کار نمی‌کردم
kâr nemikardam
I was not working


This tense is similar to English past continuous tense.

داشتم درس می‌خواندم
dâshtam dars mikhwândam
I was studying
داشتی چه کار می‌کردی؟
Dâshti che kâr mikardi?
What were you doing?
وقتی که رسیدیم، داشتند غذا می‌خوردند
Vaght-i ke residim, dâshtand ghazâ mikhordand
They were eating when we arrived

The past progressive can be used to express future in the past:

داشتم می‌بردیم
dâshtim mibordim
We were going to win

If the sentence has an object, it normally comes between the auxiliary verb and the main verb.

فروشنده داشت به مشتری کمک می‌کرد
Forushande dâsht be moshtari komak mikard
The salesman was helping the customer
داشتی کیک درست می‌کردی
dâshti keyk dorost mikardi
You were making a cake