The indicative past simple is a past tense with an indicative mood and a simple aspect. It is formed according to the following pattern:

past stem + past ending


Simple verbs

1S رفتم
I went
2S رفتی
You went
3S رفت
He/She went
1P رفتیم
We went
2P رفتید
You went
3P رفتند
They went

Compound verbs

1S کار کردم
kâr kardam
I worked
2S کار کردی
kâr kardi
You worked
3S کار کرد
kâr kard
He/She worked
1P کار کردیم
kâr kardim
We worked
2P کار کردید
kâr kardid
You worked
3P کار کردند
kâr kardand
They worked

Negative conjugation

The negative form of the past simple tense is constructed by prefixing ن (na) to the past stem.

1S نرفتم
I did not go
2S نرفتی
You did not go
3S نرفت
He/She did not go
1P نرفتیم
We did not go
2P نرفتید
You did not go
3P نرفتند
They did not go
1S کار نکردم
kâr nakardam
I did not work
2S کار نکردی
kâr nakardi
You did not work
3S کار نکرد
kâr nakard
He/She did not work
1P کار نکردیم
kâr nakardim
We did not work
2P کار نکردید
kâr nakardid
You did not work
3P کار نکردند
kâr nakardand
They did not work


This tense is equivalent to English past simple.

دیروز صبح، علی را دیدم
Diruz sobh, Ali râ didam
I saw Ali yesterday morning
پارسال، به ایران سفر کردم
Pârsâl, be Irân safar kardam
Last year, I traveled to Iran
ماشینش را شست
Mâshin-ash râ shost
She washed her car
جلسه نزدیک دو ساعت طول کشید
Jalase nazdik-e do sâat tul keshid
The meeting lasted about two hours