The passive voice is constructed from the past participle of a verb and the auxiliary verb شدن (“šodan”; to get, become) conjugated in the target tense.

Simple verbs

The following table demonstartes the passive conjugation of ساختن (“sâxtan”; to make, to build) for third-person singular in various tenses:

Perfective past ساخته شد
sâxte šod
It was built
Present perfect ساخته شده
sâxte šodeast
It has been built
Past precedent ساخته شده بود
sâxte šode bud
It had been built
Imperfective present ساخته می‌شود
sâxte mišavad
It is built
It is being built
Perfective future ساخته خواهد شد
sâxte xwâhad šod
It will be built
Perfective Present ساخته بشود
sâxte bešavad
Present perfect ساخته شده باشد
sâxte šode bâšad

Compound verbs

Regarding compound verbs, if the verb is کردن e.g. باز کردن (“bâz kardan”), the passive voice is constructed by replacing کردن with شدن and then, conjugating the new verb i.e. باز شدن (“bâz šodan”) in the target tense:

Perfective past باز شد
bâz šod
It was opened
Present perfect باز شده
bâz šodeast
It has been opened
Past precedent باز شده بود
bâz šode bud
It had been opened
Imperfective present باز می‌شود
bâz mišavad
It is opened
It is being opened
Perfective future باز خواهد شد
bâz xwâhad šod
It will be opened
Perfective present باز بشود
bâz bešavad
Present perfect باز شده باشد
bâz šode bâšad

Auxiliary verbs

In addition to شدن, there are other auxiliary verbs for constructing the passive voice. The verbs گشتن (“gaštan”; to turn) and گردیدن (“gardidan”; to turn) are used in written Persian.

ساخته شد
sâxte šod
ساخته گشت
sâxte gašt
ساخته گردید
sâxte gardid
It was built
باز شد
bâz šod
باز گشت
bâz gašt
باز گردید
bâz gardid
It was opened