The grammatical person marks the participant or participants of an action typically described by a verb. Persian has three degrees of grammatical persons:

Modern Persian does not distinguish between genders and has two numbers (singular and plural). Therefore, it has six grammatical persons. Here, they will be abbreviated as 1S, 2S, 3S, 1P, 2P and 3P.

1S first-person singular 1P first-person plural
2S second-person singular 2P second-person plural
3S third-person singular 3P third-person plural

Persian verbs are typically conjugated for six persons. However, there are a few verbs that are only conjugated in third-person singular.


In Persian, each plural person can function as the honorific form of its singular counterpart to denote formality, social distance, politeness, etc. That is to say:

For example, the 3P verbal form گفتند (“goftand”) normally means “they said” but depending on the context, it can also function as the honorific form of 3S and mean “he/she said”.