The grammatical person marks the participant(s) of an event typically described by a verb. Persian has three degrees of grammatical persons:
- first person: the person talking
- second person: the person being talked to
- third person: the person being talked about
In Arabic, grammatical persons distinguish between two genders (masculine and feminine) and three numbers (singular, dual and plural) resulting in verbs to be conjugated for 12 persons. In Sanskrit and Old Persian, genders do not have distinct conjugational forms but they are distinguished for three numbers resulting in 9 grammatical persons. Modern persian does not distinguish between genders and has two numbers (singular and plural). Therefore, it has six grammatical persons. Here, they will be abbreviated as 1S, 2S, 3S, 1P, 2P and 3P.
|1S||first-person singular||1P||first-person plural|
|2S||second-person singular||2P||second-person plural|
|3S||third-person singular||3P||third-person plural|
Persian verbs are typically conjugated for six persons. However, there are a few verbs that are normally conjugated only in third-person singular.