Animal Classes

A comprehensive list of words and scientific terms that are used in the classification of living creatures.

Mammals

پستاندار (mammal) is a compound word from پستان (breast) and دار, the present stem of داشتن (to have). It literally means “breast-having”.

Birds

مرغ (morgh) is the word for “bird” in classic Persian and still, in the literary language. In the modern form of Persian, مرغ exclusively means “hen” and a “bird” is called پرنده (parande). پرنده derives from the verb پریدن (to fly) and literary means “flyer”.

Insects and other Invertebrates

Reptiles

خزنده (reptile) derives from the verb خزیدن (to crawl, to creep, to slither) and literally means “crawler, creeper”.

Marine

Youngs of Animals

بچه (child) is a catch-all word. It can be used for the young of any living creature.

Examples:

Specific Words