Persian has formal and informal personal pronouns. As for second person, تو is informal “you” and شما is formal “you”. This distinction is found in all grammatical elements i.e. possessive pronouns, object pronouns and conjugations.

Saying Hello

To make it specific and friendlier, possessive adjectives can be added to “Good ~” phrases. The phrase صبحت به خیر literally means “may your morning be good” and so on for other phrases.

In response to both forms of “Good ~” phrases, the following structure is often used. The phrase صبح تو هم به خیر literally means “may your morning be good too” and so on for other phrases.

Saying Goodbye

The phrases خدا حافظ and خدا نگهدار can be used with personal pronouns to indicate formal or informal “you” and formality or intimacy at the same time.

The phrases خدا حافظ and خدا نگهدار as well as the above personal forms, are all the shortened forms of the following sentences. These full forms are also common for saying goodbye

Getting to know