Divisions of Time

The pattern “cardinal number + suffix -e” creates a division of time equal to that number:


In written Persian, گذشته (“gozashte”) can also be used for روز (“ruz”), شب (“shab”) and سال (“sâl”).


“em” in emsâl, emruz and emshab means “this”. It is a remnant of Middle Persian. So, for example, emsâl literally means “this year”.


Days of the Week

In Iran, the week begins on Saturday and ends on Friday. So, Thursday and Friday are weekend days.

Related vocabulary


Iranians have their own calendar system. Persian new year (Nowruz) begins on the first day of spring at the exact time of vernal equinox. Spring is the first season of the year and each month corresponds to a zodiac sign.