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Verb List

This is an online conjugator for Persian verbs. It can conjugate verbs in all tenses, aspects and moods. Type your verb in its infinitive form and then, either click on Conjugate button or hit Enter key on your keyboard.

Features

  • Three levels of conjugation for different use cases: basic tenses, common tenses and all tenses
  • Ability to conjugate verbs in negative form in addition to positive form
  • Ability to conjugate verbs in passive voice in addition to active voice
  • Ability to recognize and conjugate constructed and newly coined verbs
  • Ability to colorize conjugations

Conjugations in Persian alphabet are colorized correctly only in Firefox. If you use Chrome, use this feature only for verbs written in Latin alphabet.

Compound verbs

All parts of a compound verb must be typed separately. This also includes so-called verbal prefixes: bar, bâz, farâ, foru, dar, etc. Examples:

Correct Incorrect
بر داشتن
bar dâshtan
برداشتن
bardâshtan
باز گشتن
bâz gashtan
بازگشتن
bâzgashtan
فرا گرفتن
farâ gereftan
فراگرفتن
farâgereftan
دست بر داشتن
dast bar dâshtan
دست برداشتن
dast bardâshtan

Alphabet

You can enter verbs either in Persian alphabet or in the following Latin alphabet. See Persian alphabet and pronunciation for more information.

Latin Persian Example
â آ âb
آب
a - asb
اسب
b ب babr
ببر
ch چ chub
چوب
d د dust
دوست
e - esm
اسم
f ف fekr
فکر
g گ gol
گل
gh غ، ق ghâr
غار
h ح، ه haft
هفت
i - bist
بیست
j ج jang
جنگ
k ک ketâb
کتاب
kh خ khâstan
خاستن
khw خو khwâstan
خواستن
l ل lebâs
لباس
m م mâdar
مادر
n ن nâme
نامه
o - omid
امید
ow - howle
حوله
p پ
پا
r ر rang
رنگ
s س، ث، ص sefid
سفید
sh ش shir
شیر
t ت، ط tasallot
تسلط
u - kuh
کوه
v و varzesh
ورزش
y ی yek
یک
meydân
میدان
z ذ، ز، ض، ظ zur
زور
zh ژ zhâle
ژاله
ø ء، ع maøni
معنی
mâyeø
مایع
sheyø
شیء

If you can't type the following characters, use their alternative form.

Character Alternative Example
â aa aamadan
ø ' bal'idan

The khwâ (خوا) of Persian script is maintained in romanization. Among other reasons, the homophone verbs خواستن (to want) and خاستن (to rise) remain distinguishable. Therefore, خواستن must be entered as khwâstan and خاستن as khâstan. Other verbs having khwâ include: khwâbidan (خوابیدن), khwândan (خواندن).

Tense names

Each language has its own way of naming tenses. For example, the tense of I have gone is called present perfect in English, past perfect (pretérito perfecto) in Spanish, compound past (passé composé) in French and narrative past (گذشته‌ی نقلی) in Persian. There can be conflicts between the names. For example, what they call past perfect in Spanish, means a different tense in English (I had gone). Moreover, not all tenses of a language necessarily have an equivalent in another language. For example, English does not have a tense equivalent to Persian tense رفته بوده and therefore, it can not be named according to English tense terminology: past perfect perfect makes no sense. For these reasons, it is best to introduce the tenses of a foreign language by literally translating their original name. This approach has been used both here and in my articles about verb conjugation in Persian. In other books and online resources, you may see names that are similar to what is used in your native language but please note that not all tenses are discussed there. When it comes to talking about all Persian tenses, the only possible way is to introduce them by their Persian name.

Indicative Past

Tense Name Equivalent tense in English
Past simple past simple
Past imperfect None but its usage covers: past continuous. French equivalent: imparfait
Past progressive past continuous
Past narrative present perfect
Past narrative imperfect None but its usage covers: present perfect continuous
Past narrative progressive present perfect continuous
Past precedent past perfect
Past precedent imperfect None but its usage covers: past perfect continuous
Past precedent progressive past perfect continuous
Past precedent narrative None
Past precedent narrative imperfect None
Past precedent narrative progressive None

Indicative Present

Tense Name Equivalent tense in English
Present simple present simple
Present imperfect None but its usage covers: present simple & present continuous
Present progressive present continuous

Indicative Future

Tense Name Equivalent tense in English
Future simple future simple
Future imperfect None but its usage covers: future continuous
Future precedent future perfect
Future precedent imperfect None but its usage covers: future perfect continuous

Subjunctive Mood

Tense Name Equivalent tense in English
Past narrative None. French equivalent: passé du subjonctif
Past narrative imperfect None
Past precedent narrative None
Past precedent narrative imperfect None
Present simple None. French equivalent: présent du subjonctif

Imperative Mood

Tense Name Equivalent tense in English
Past narrative None
Past precedent narrative None
Present simple imperative present

Click on any of the following verbs to get them conjugated. There is also a list of most common Persian verbs with English translation. Learning about classification of irregular verbs can help you with memorizing present stems.

Top Simple Verbs

Top Compound Verbs