Verb List

This is an online conjugator for Persian verbs. It can conjugate verbs in all tenses, aspects and moods. Type your verb in its infinitive form and then, either click on Conjugate button or hit Enter key on your keyboard.


  • Three levels of conjugation for different use cases: basic tenses, common tenses and all tenses
  • Ability to conjugate verbs in negative form in addition to positive form
  • Ability to conjugate verbs in passive voice in addition to active voice
  • Ability to recognize and conjugate constructed and newly coined verbs
  • Ability to colorize conjugations

Conjugations in Persian alphabet are colorized correctly only in Firefox. If you use Chrome, use this feature only for verbs written in Latin alphabet.

Compound verbs

All parts of a compound verb must be typed separately. This also includes so-called verbal prefixes: bar, bâz, farâ, foru, dar, etc. Examples:

بر داشتن
bar dâshtan
باز گشتن
bâz gashtan
فرا گرفتن
farâ gereftan
دست بر داشتن
dast bar dâshtan
دست برداشتن
dast bardâshtan


You can enter verbs either in Persian alphabet or in the following Latin alphabet. See Persian alphabet and pronunciation for more information.

LatinPersianLatin ExamplePersian Example
âآâb آب
bبbabr ببر
ch چchub چوب
dدdust دوست
fفfekr فکر
gh غ، ق ghâr غار
hح، ه haft هفت
i-bist بیست
jجjang جنگ
kh خkhâstanخاستن
khwخو khwâstan خواستن
nنnâme نامه
o-omid امید
ow -howleحوله
rرrang رنگ
sس، ث، صsefidسفید
sh شshir شیر
tت، ط tasallot تسلط
zذ، ز، ض، ظ zurزور
zh ژzhâleژاله
øء، ع maøni

If you can't type the following characters, use their alternative form.


The khwâ (خوا) of Persian script is maintained in romanization. Among other reasons, the homophone verbs خواستن (to want) and خاستن (to rise) remain distinguishable. Therefore, خواستن must be entered as khwâstan and خاستن as khâstan. Other verbs having khwâ include: khwâbidan (خوابیدن), khwândan (خواندن).

Tense names

Each language has its own way of naming tenses. For example, the tense of I have gone is called present perfect in English, past perfect (pretérito perfecto) in Spanish, compound past (passé composé) in French and narrative past (گذشته‌ی نقلی) in Persian. There can be conflicts between the names. For example, what they call past perfect in Spanish, means a different tense in English (I had gone). Moreover, not all tenses of a language necessarily have an equivalent in another language. For example, English does not have a tense equivalent to Persian tense رفته بوده and therefore, it can not be named according to English tense terminology: past perfect perfect makes no sense. For these reasons, it is best to introduce the tenses of a foreign language by literally translating their original name. This approach has been used both here and in my articles about verb conjugation in Persian. In other books and online resources, you may see names that are similar to what is used in your native language but please note that not all tenses are discussed there. When it comes to talking about all Persian tenses, the only possible way is to introduce them by their Persian name.

Indicative Past

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Past simplepast simple
Past imperfectNone but its usage covers: past continuous. French equivalent: imparfait
Past progressivepast continuous
Past narrativepresent perfect
Past narrative imperfectNone but its usage covers: present perfect continuous
Past narrative progressivepresent perfect continuous
Past precedentpast perfect
Past precedent imperfectNone but its usage covers: past perfect continuous
Past precedent progressivepast perfect continuous
Past precedent narrativeNone
Past precedent narrative imperfectNone
Past precedent narrative progressiveNone

Indicative Present

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Present simplepresent simple
Present imperfectNone but its usage covers: present simple & present continuous
Present progressivepresent continuous

Indicative Future

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Future simplefuture simple
Future imperfectNone but its usage covers: future continuous
Future precedentfuture perfect
Future precedent imperfectNone but its usage covers: future perfect continuous

Subjunctive Mood

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Past narrativeNone. French equivalent: passé du subjonctif
Past narrative imperfectNone
Past precedent narrativeNone
Past precedent narrative imperfectNone
Present simpleNone. French equivalent: présent du subjonctif

Imperative Mood

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Past narrativeNone
Past precedent narrativeNone
Present simpleimperative present

Click on any of the following verbs to get them conjugated. There is also a list of most common Persian verbs with English translation. Learning about classification of irregular verbs can help you with memorizing present stems.

Top Simple Verbs

Top Compound Verbs