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Verb List

This is an online conjugator for Persian verbs. It can conjugate verbs in all tenses, aspects and moods. Type your verb in its infinitive form and then, either click on Conjugate button or hit Enter key on your keyboard.

Features

  • Three levels of conjugation for different use cases: basic tenses, common tenses and all tenses
  • Ability to conjugate verbs in negative form in addition to positive form
  • Ability to conjugate verbs in passive voice in addition to active voice
  • Ability to recognize and conjugate constructed and newly coined verbs
  • Ability to colorize conjugations

Compound verbs

All parts of a compound verb must be typed separately. This also includes so-called verbal prefixes: bar, bâz, farâ, foru, dar, etc. Examples:

CorrectIncorrect
بر داشتن
bar dâštan
برداشتن
bardâštan
باز گشتن
bâz gaštan
بازگشتن
bâzgaštan
فرا گرفتن
farâ gereftan
فراگرفتن
farâgereftan
دست بر داشتن
dast bar dâštan
دست برداشتن
dast bardâštan

Alphabet

You can enter verbs either in Persian alphabet or in the following Latin alphabet. See Persian alphabet and pronunciation for more information.

LatinPersianExample
âآâb
آب
a-asb
اسب
bبbabr
ببر
čچčub
چوب
dدdust
دوست
e-esm
اسم
fفfekr
فکر
gگgol
گل
ǧغ، قǧâr
غار
hح، هhaft
هفت
i-bist
بیست
jجjang
جنگ
kکketâb
کتاب
lلlebâs
لباس
mمmâdar
مادر
nنnâme
نامه
o-omid
امید
ow-howle
حوله
pپ
پا
rرrang
رنگ
sس، ث، صsefid
سفید
šشšir
شیر
tت، طtasallot
تسلط
u-kuh
کوه
vوvarzeš
ورزش
xخxâstan
خاستن
xwخوxwâstan
خواستن
yیyek
یک
meydân
میدان
zذ، ز، ض، ظzur
زور
žژžâle
ژاله
øء، عmaøni
معنی
mâyeø
مایع
sheyø
شیء

If you can't type the following characters, enter their alternative form.

CharacterAlternativeExample
âaaآمدن
aamadan
čchچیدن
čidan
ǧghغلتیدن
ghaltidan
šshشدن
shodan
žzhژکیدن
zhakidan
ø'بلعیدن
bal'idan

The xwâ (خوا) of Persian script is maintained in romanization. Among other reasons, the homophone verbs خواستن (to want) and خاستن (to rise) remain distinguishable. Therefore, خواستن must be entered as xwâstan and خاستن as xâstan. Other verbs having xwâ include: xwâbidan (خوابیدن), xwândan (خواندن).

Table of Tenses

Each language has its own way of naming tenses. For example, the tense of “I have gone” is called “present perfect” in English, “past perfect” (pretérito perfecto) in Spanish, “compound past” (passé composé) in French and “narrative past” (گذشته‌ی نقلی) in Persian. There can be conflicts between the names: what they call “past perfect” in Spanish, means a different tense in English (I had gone). Moreover, not all tenses of a language necessarily have an equivalent in another language. For example, English does not have any tense equivalent to Persian tense “رفته بوده” and therefore, it can not be named according to English tense terminology: “perfect past perfect” or “past perfect perfect” make no sense. For these reasons, it is best to introduce the tenses of a foreign language by literally translating their original name. This approach is followed both here and in my articles about verb conjugation in Persian. In other resources, you may see names that are similar to what used in your native language but please note that not all tenses are discussed there. When it comes to talking about all Persian tenses, the only possible way is to introduce them with their Persian name.

Tense NameEquivalent in English
Past simplepast simple
Past imperfectiveNone but its usage covers: past continuous. French equivalent: imparfait
Past progressivepast continuous
Past narrativepresent perfect
Past narrative imperfectiveNone but its usage covers: present perfect continuous
Past narrative progressivepresent perfect continuous
Past precedentpast perfect
Past precedent imperfectiveNone but its usage covers: past perfect continuous
Past precedent progressivepast perfect continuous
Past precedent narrativeNone
Past precedent narrative imperfectiveNone
Past precedent narrative progressiveNone

Indicative Present

Tense NameEquivalent in English
Present simplepresent simple
Present imperfectiveNone but its usage covers: present simple & present continuous
Present progressivepresent continuous

Indicative Future

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Future simplefuture simple
Future imperfectiveNone but its usage covers: future continuous
Future precedentfuture perfect
Future precedent imperfectiveNone but its usage covers: future perfect continuous

Subjunctive Mood

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Past narrativeNone. French equivalent: passé du subjonctif
Past narrative imperfectiveNone
Past precedent narrativeNone
Past precedent narrative imperfectiveNone
Present simpleNone. French equivalent: présent du subjonctif

Imperative Mood

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Past narrativeNone
Past precedent narrativeNone
Present simpleimperative present

Click on any of the following verbs to get them conjugated. There is also a list of most common Persian verbs with English translation. Learning about classification of irregular verbs can help you with memorizing present stems.

Top Simple Verbs

Top Compound Verbs