Persian verb conjugator

Help List

This is an online conjugator for Persian verbs. It can conjugate Persian verbs in all tenses, aspects and moods. Type the infinitive of the verb you want and then, click on Conjugate button or hit Enter on your keyboard.

NOTE All parts of a compound verb must be typed separately. This also includes so-called verbal prefixes: bar, bâz, farâ, foru, dar, etc. Examples:

CorrectIncorrect
bar dâshtanبر داشتنbardâshtanبرداشتن
bâz gashtanباز گشتنbâzgashtanبازگشتن
farâ gereftanفرا گرفتنfarâgereftanفراگرفتن
dast bar dâshtanدست بر داشتنdast bardâshtanدست برداشتن

NOTE Conjugations are colorized correctly in Firefox but Google Chrome fails to colorize Persian texts correctly. If your browser is Chrome, please use conjugation colorization only for verbs entered in Latin alphabet.

Alphabet

You can enter verbs either in Persian alphabet or in the following romanization scheme. See Persian alphabet and pronunciation for more information.

âآâbآبmمmâdarمادر
a-asbاسبnنnâmeنامه
bبbabrببرo-omidامید
chچchubچوبow-howleحوله
dدdustدوستpپپا
e-esmاسمrرrangرنگ
fفfekrفکرsس، ث، صsefidسفید
gگgolگلshشshirشیر
ghغ، قghârغارtت، طtasallotتسلط
hح، هhaftهفتu-kuhکوه
i-bistبیستvوvarzeshورزش
jجjangجنگyیyek
meydân
یک
میدان
kکketâbکتابzذ، ز، ض، ظzurزور
khخkhâstanخاستنzhژzhâleژاله
khwخوkhwâstanخواستنøء، عmaøni
mâyeø
sheyø
معنی
مایع
شیء
lلlebâsلباس

NOTE If you can't type the following characters, use their alternative form.

CharacterAlternativeExample
âaaaamadan
ø'bal'idan

NOTE The khwâ (خوا) of Persian script is maintained in romanization. Among other reasons, the homophone verbs خواستن (to want) and خاستن (to rise) remain distinguishable. Therefore, خواستن must be entered as khwâstan and خاستن as khâstan. Other verbs having khwâ include: khwâbidan (خوابیدن), khwândan (خواندن).

Tense names

Each language has its own way of naming tenses. For example, the tense of «I have gone» is called «present perfect» in English, «past perfect» in Spanish, «compound past» in French and «narrative past» in Persian. Moreover, not all tenses of a language necessarily have an equivalent in another language. For example, English doesn't have the tense of «rafte bude» and therefore, it can't be named according to English tense terminology: calling it «past perfect perfect» makes no sense. For these reasons, it's best to introduce the tenses of a foreign language with their original name. This is followed both here and in my articles about verb conjugation in Persian. In your books and other places, you may see names that are similar to what is used in your native language but please note that not all tenses are discussed there. When it comes to talking about all Persian tenses, the only possible way is to introduce them by literally translating their Persian name.

Indicative Past

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Past simplepast simple
Past imperfectNone but its usage covers: past continuous. French equivalent: imparfait
Past progressivepast continuous
Past narrativepresent perfect
Past narrative imperfectNone but its usage covers: present perfect continuous
Past narrative progressivepresent perfect continuous
Past precedentpast perfect
Past precedent imperfectNone but its usage covers: past perfect continuous
Past precedent progressivepast perfect continuous
Past precedent narrativeNone
Past precedent narrative imperfectNone
Past precedent narrative progressiveNone

Indicative Present

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Present simplepresent simple
Present imperfectNone but its usage covers: present simple & present continuous
Present progressivepresent continuous

Indicative Future

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Future simplefuture simple
Future imperfectNone but its usage covers: future continuous
Future precedentfuture perfect
Future precedent imperfectNone but its usage covers: future perfect continuous

Subjunctive Mood

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Past narrativeNone. French equivalent: passé du subjonctif
Past narrative imperfectNone
Past precedent narrativeNone
Past precedent narrative imperfectNone
Present simpleNone. French equivalent: présent du subjonctif

Imperative Mood

Tense NameEquivalent tense in English
Past narrativeNone
Past precedent narrativeNone
Present simpleimperative present

Click on any of the following verbs to get them conjugated. There is also a list of top common Persian verbs with English translation. Learning about classification of irregular verbs can help you with memorizing present stems.

Most popular simple verbs

Most popular compound verbs

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